How to proceed in design automated logistics process?
AGV (Automated Guided Vehicles) used to transport goods (goods = material, part, tool, apparatus, etc.) from the place of loading to
the place of use. AGV is an autonomous unattended device, so it does not need an operator to operate. On the other hand, the AGV process respectively
the automated logistics system has certain specifics to be considered when designing such a solution.
What needs to be clarified before embarking on a logistics automation project?
Although you know the process, you may see it every day at work, it may not be enough. It is imperative to know the process through numbers, facts and other real-based data.
By analyzing the process it is possible to find out whether there are wastage, variability, irregularity, deviations, operative decisions, frequent changes, etc. in the process. Variability is a big enemy of automation and can significantly overpriced it. You still need to keep in mind that automation is associated with certain costs, so if you automate wastage, the costs associated with it will still remain.
Learn more about designing production and logistics systems at the following link:
Kalkulačka nákladov logistických procesov
Zistite, aké sú vaše náklady na manuálny logistický proces. Na vašu emailovú adresu vám pošleme kalkulačku nákladov. V rámci kalkulačky je návod na vypĺňanie ako aj vzorový výpočet.
How to design an automated process?
Choosing of suitable AGV technique
AGV technology is constantly evolving and the current portfolio of solutions provides a wide range of options. Several aspects need to be taken into account in the selection of AGVs, but supportive technical solutions must also be addressed.
What is good to do before purchase technique?
It may appear that you already have everything clear and nothing prevents the purchase itself. The investment in automating the logistics process is usually significant. Therefore, it is necessary to be as sure as possible whether and when this investment will return. To calculate it will need to know what you will achieve by automating logistics. What will be the production capacity? How will the use of AGV be? How much AGV do you need?
To answer these questions, it is advantageous to create a computer simulation model and implement computer simulation for various simulation experiments. Subsequent optimization makes it possible to design a high quality AGV solution.
How choose the right AGV type?
Choose AGV according to load capacity up to 500 kg
These limits are to be considered as indicative only, they may vary from case to case, usually they are lighter and smaller loads.
AGV with option carrying of loads on the body vehicle, option 360 rotation for narrow streets.
AGV with two stations, change of full and empty crate in one step.
Choose AGV according to load capacity up to 1200 kg
AGV tunnel, two-way movement, only 290 mm high.
AGV with the possibility of pulling but also carrying loads on the body of the vehicle.
AGV, which also includes a roller conveyor.
Choose AGV according to load capacity over 1200 kg
AGV for use in warehouses with a load capacity of 2000 kg.
AGV for assembly operations, special modification with the possibility of various platforms and additional functions.
AGV with tow truck up to 4500 kg.
Choose AGV depending on the way the load is carried
- Tunnel - The AGV usually fits under the truck on which the load is placed, then they AGV
and the truck are linked and a transfer can be made.
- Carrier on body of truck- On the AGV is usually the part of the conveyor, after
which the load is transferred to the AGV, which is then transferred to another position.
- Carrying on forks - It is similar to a forklift but with separate
navigation and control.
- Pulling AGV - The load is placed on a separate pulling trolley.
AGV with possibility pulling the load placed on separate pulling trolley.
Carrier on body of truck
AGV with roller conveyor, automatic load transfer.
Carrier on body of truck
AGV with lifting platform, automated load transfer.
Carrying on forks
AGV similar to a forklift, possibility place loads to shelves.
Tunnel model AGV, load placed in transport trolley.
Choose AGV according to direction of movement
AGV with unidirectional movement
An advantageous solution, especially where transport aisles are sufficiently dimensioned, AGV tracks are usually circuits.
AGV with bidirectional movement
It allows to drive into the aisles from which it is possible to move backwards.
AGV with omnidirectional movement
High flexibility of solution, possibility of turning on the spot resp. lateral movement and the like, advantageous for limited transport aisles.
How to choose navigation system?
AGV needs to be localized in the space in some way, it must know where it is. Consequently, taking into account the current position and the defined task, it must be decided how to proceed to arrive at the destination. There are more possibilities. The most frequently used navigation systems:
QR code inertial navigation
Simultaneous Localization and Mapping- simuntal space mapping and AGV localization
Laser scanners create a map of the space around the AGV. Simultaneous with mapping is also
localization. The maps created in this way are used for real-time navigation with further track
planning and creation of obstacle avoidance algorithms.
Solutions for you
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Special AGV ponuka
Uvažujete o automatizovanej logistike, avšak nemáte doteraz osobnú skúsenosť s AGV (Automated Guided Vehicle) technológiou? Prípadne chcete vyskúšať aj iný typ AGV? Zapojte sa do pilotného projektu a vyskúšajte si mini forklift AGV vo vašich prevádzkových podmienkach. Typov AGV je veľa, pre pilotný projekt odporúčame mini forklift AGV. Prečo?
- Automatizovaný prevoz palety bez dodatočných zariadení
- SLAM navigation pre rýchlu implementáciu
- Jednoduché privolanie a vysielanie AGV
- Flexibita pohybu s možnosťou otočenia o 360° v malom priestore
- Vysoká rýchlosť AGV až 40 m/min
Pilotný projekt vás k ničomu nezaväzuje. Prihláste sa nezáväzne k získaniu viac informácií o pilotnom projekte, stačí vyplniť údaje a odoslať.